Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Rolling budgets Essays

Moving spending plans Essays Moving spending plans Essay Moving spending plans Essay Given the speed of progress and general vulnerability in the outside condition, investors look for fast outcomes. Organizations ordinarily report to investors at regular intervals, contrasted and the typical a half year. Moving spending plans include assessing the past a year execution on a progressing premise, and estimating the following three months execution. We consider our to be as a forward looking arrangement that sees our bearing and goal point, different archives, for example, the monetary record and the benefit misfortune account permits us to think back and mirror our advancement revealing to us where we have been and how we got to this current position. The organizations spending plan is a fixed kind financial plan and is arranged every year by the agreements supervisor, fund chief and the 5 recreation place administrators (planning group), it is survey each month during the time to mirror our advancement. The spending plan permits our middle directors to co-ordinate and control the exercises of the association adequately, it likewise permits them to execute the marketable strategy also. The spending plan is a key administration apparatus for dynamic and the means beneath that we follow permits the supervisors to know where they are going. The spending comprises of: Salary/deals which depends on new individuals joining the wellness suite, action levels, support clients, auxiliary spends in addition to the administration charge that is paid to us from the committee. Use which depends on compensation, utilities, fixes and support, administrator, advertising and so on. Capital use works which incorporate new wellbeing and wellness studios, DDA works, building upgrades and data innovation Once each focuses financial plan is finished the agreement director who is liable for the 5 relaxation habitats and the help group co-ordinates the individual spending plans into an ace spending plan. The inside administrator likewise co-ordinates the financial plan down to there obligation chiefs, this gives them what they can spend on specific things and what the salary levels ought to be. At the point when the concurred spending plan is set up we have a few monetary techniques to follow this permits us to control the spending every day and is very simple to run. Each middle chief consistently screens progress and checks for differences, they fill in a day by day salary and use spreadsheet which permits them to think about the real and planned outcomes. The planning group get together toward the finish of every month to see the spending plan, this permits directors to respond on significant changes regarding the feasible effect upon the associations in general financial plan. The planning group would then be able to talk about what modifications are expected to get the financial plan on its unique course. A few condemns of a fixed spending plan is that it works less well when associations face enormous or exceptionally corresponded dangers, or when the budgetary year is too short to even consider smoothing out the regular inconstancy because of rehashed chance events. At the point when such vulnerabilities rise, the planning of choices inside the money related year takes on included significance. Fixed spending plans additionally give evident impetuses to over-spending close to the furthest limit of the budgetary year. These unfavorable motivators are then disturbed by the convoluted flagging games that occur between focal specialists and their subordinates. Amusingly, under spending might be taken, as an indication of inadequacy that required work has not been finished. While it is hard to spend each and every penny and a few failures are continually going to happen, the size of these omissions makes it very awkward for three reasons * Significant under spending makes it hard to legitimize any increments in these apportionments. * There are worries that customers requiring administrations are not getting them * Some shrewd spending expert is going to see a theme and decrease the allotments, figuring that in the event that we dont spend it we should not require it. A fixed spending plan controls costs on consumption levels in our association, I. e. on the off chance that an obligation chief is given a specific add up to spend, when that cash has gone he can not spend any longer, this keeping a tight control on the financial plan, then again If a supervisor required more athletic gear for an action to occur and his spending plan has been spent, this would impact the client and may keep them from partaking in the action. This shows the spending procedure can be an obstruction to execution. At current the planning group have made certain presumptions in deciding the first spending plan (mostly utilities, support and fix costs). In the event that we utilized an adaptable spending changes can be made during the time to guarantee that we work the inside the spending we have set, utilizing the information we increase through the activity of the business. I. e. Single circle input includes causing remedies to current exercises so as to get back on course and twofold circle criticism includes correcting the first plans with the goal that they all the more precisely reflect current business reality. The spending procedure that we set up is tedious and expensive to assemble it is likewise founded on mystery and unsupported presumptions. Administrators invest far to much energy breaking down their spending plans, and different pieces of the business appears to endure. I. e. the cutting edge staff and the clients, in what capacity can a director comprehend what the clients need when he is stuck in the workplace investigating his spending plan and not speaking with the clients. Unsupported suppositions and mystery happens in light of the fact that he doesn't impart and include his staff in the planning procedure. One of the manners in which we could improve the framework and the control of salary and consumption is have site explicit organization and use controls to be refreshed and to be looked into continually. The presentation of another till framework will empower us better cross examination of salary figures to be embraced, empowering us to showcase offices all the more adequately and to get increasingly exact data with respect to clients.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Ensuring our future through conservation Essay Example For Students

Guaranteeing our future through protection Essay Guaranteeing our future through protection Essay The universes regular rainforests are one of humanitys just outstanding wants to proceed with its reality. Rainforests are immense woods loaded up with lavish vegetation, abounding with life (both creature and plant), of which just around 40 percent has been totally found and contemplated. Rainforests are a lovely spot that must be appropriately portrayed by the researcher/naturalist, Charles Darwin when he said Delightis a feeble term to communicate the sentiments of a naturalist, who just because, has meandered without anyone else in a Brazilian woodland (qtd Collins 53). The rainforests of today are to some degree like the rainforests of the past. The rainforests of today despite everything contain the entirety of a similar vegetation, creature life, and creature species as they did previously. Be that as it may, the size of theories magnificent rainforests has reduced colossally over a course of around 100 years. Ongoing investigations and assessments presume that around two percent of the universes rainforests is lost every year. Except if we change this measure of deforestation, there will be little of our rainforests left in 50 years. Our rainforests are a vital part in our universes biological system, and consequently should be saved as well as can be expected. The rainforests give wellbeing and life to a huge number of sorts of life, they may contain fixes to a significant number of the universes infections, and they give more than 60 percent of the universes gracefully oxygen to people and different creatures. Pulverizing these lovely and key pieces of the world would be disastrous to humanity. There are numerous manners by which we can save our characteristic rainforests, and consequently incompletely guarantee our endurance on earth. Two of these ways are through training of humankind on exactly the amount we need the rainforests and what they can do to spare them and through mass reforestation. Without a total comprehension of the issues confronting the planet as far as its condition, humanity won't keep going for long. Individuals must comprehend why they ought to reuse, how they can diminish air contamination, what they can do to reduce their own individual pulverization of the earth. It is likewise significant that natural training be right and should identify with the individual doing the learning. All together for natural training to be viable, it must be both conceivable and pertinent to the student. Such mindfulness might be the main alternative that exists that can have any kind of effect in sparing and recharging the earths lessening regular rainforests. Such instruction must be completely instructed so the understudy can comprehend the between relatedness of all parts of the earth, remembering their job for it. When an individual comprehends that all life on earth, not simply human life, is reliant on the earth, it is not, at this point conceivable to excuse the planet essentially some place to live for people to treat as they will. The best time to start such ecological training and mindfulness is with kids. Kids must start to learn at an early age that regard for the earth and its condition and the entirety of its occupants is an important piece of life. Every individual must comprehend the outcomes of their activities on the earth. Starting in the primary long periods of school, kids ought to be shown the procedures of life on this planet. Natural training can genuinely have any kind of effect and is the most important tutoring for what's to come. Reforestation started in Ontario after World War II. What happened was, proficient foresters were allocated to a zone and got answerable for its prosperity. Under the Crown Timber Act, long haul the executives was readied. At that point the numerous means expected to remake a backwoods started. .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee , .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee .postImageUrl , .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee .focused content region { min-stature: 80px; position: relative; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee , .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee:hover , .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee:visited , .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee:active { border:0!important; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee { show: square; change: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-progress: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; obscurity: 1; change: mistiness 250ms; webkit-change: haziness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee:active , .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee:hover { darkness: 1; change: murkiness 250ms; webkit-change: haziness 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee .focused content region { width: 100%; position: relative; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: striking; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content design: underline; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; text style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; outskirt range: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; textual style weight: intense; line-tallness: 26px; moz-outskirt sweep: 3px; content adjust: focus; content adornment: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-stature: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: total; right: 0; top: 0; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752 b02c95ee .focused content { show: table; tallness: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .u3babac30bf224caccbe27752b02c95ee:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Atomic Bombing Of Hiroshima Essay There are numerous techniques for arranging a backwoods. The least difficult technique for replanting a woodland is to leave it to nature. Lessening rivalry by wiping out grass, weed or bushes is another necessity in guaranteeing another harvest of trees. These will grow to create seedlings. In spite of the fact that the weeds were dispensed with previously, they despite everything develop back, and along these lines, low quality trees will develop. Another technique however, is to make an arranged woods, where new conifers are developed from seed in an exceptional nursery. Seeding is a reforestation .

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

The Physical Effects of Depression

The Physical Effects of Depression Depression Symptoms Print The Physical Effects of Depression By Nancy Schimelpfening Nancy Schimelpfening, MS is the administrator for the non-profit depression support group Depression Sanctuary. Nancy has a lifetime of experience with depression, experiencing firsthand how devastating this illness can be. Learn about our editorial policy Nancy Schimelpfening Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on December 02, 2015 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 04, 2020 Depression Overview Types Symptoms Causes & Risk Factors Diagnosis Treatment Coping ADA & Your Rights Depression in Kids Christopher Robbins / Getty Images In This Article Table of Contents Expand Pain Gastrointestinal Immunity Sleep Fatigue Psychomotor High Blood Pressure Appetite and Weight Medication Side Effects Coping View All The most well-known symptoms of depression are emotional, including sadness, guilt, irritability, and feelings of hopelessness. Other frequent symptoms, like trouble focusing or concentrating on tasks, are also thought of as being related to one’s state of mind.   Although depression is a mental illness, it can also cause physical symptoms. Pain, stomach upset, fatigue, and restlessness are just a few potential physical effects of depression.?? People can have these physical symptoms for a variety of reasons, but they may not realize depression can be among the potential causes.   Certain treatments used for depression, such as medication, can also have physical side effects like nausea, weight changes, and sexual dysfunction.??   If you have physical symptoms of depression, your doctor and mental health care provider can help you better understand and manage them.   Depression as a Systemic Disease Pain People with depression may have vague aches and pains that affect their joints, limbs, or back.?? Some people have “all over” body pain which may be chronic and debilitating. A person with chronic pain certainly may become depressed, but it may also be that the physical and emotional pain can stem from the same cause. Researchers are still trying to understand how physical pain and depression are related, as well as how they can influence one another.?? One theory is that both can be caused by a dysregulation of neurotransmitters such as serotonin. Some people with depression and pain may feel better if they take an antidepressant that influences the reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain.?? Do Antidepressants Help Chronic Pain? Another theory is that people with depression may feel pain differently. A 2015 study of pain processing found that people diagnosed with major depression had a lower pain threshold and tolerance compared to people who were not depressed.?? A 2017 study found that one of the most common forms of pain in adults, lower back pain, could be directly linked to depression.?? An earlier study found that people with depression are 60% more likely to have back pain compared to people who aren’t depressed.?? Researchers are continuing to explore a connection between depression and pain, including theories related to chronic inflammation, which may also contribute to other physical symptoms of depression.???? Gastrointestinal Symptoms People with depression may have frequent stomach problems, such as nausea, bloating, diarrhea, or constipation.   One possible explanation for these symptoms involves a neurotransmitter in the brain and gut called serotonin. The brain chemical is linked to depression because it is believed to help regulate mood, but researchers also know that it also plays a role in maintaining digestive function.   Most of the bodys serotonin is produced and stored in the gut. Researchers are very interested in the “gut-brain” connection, which they hope could reveal how mental and digestive health influence one another.   In addition to serotonin, microbes found in the gut are being explored as potential contributors to everything from mood to immunityâ€"both of which have implications for depression.??   How Stress Can Make You Sick Immunity Stress can also make a person’s immune system work less optimally, meaning theyre more likely to get sick. When someone with a weakened immune system does get sick, it may take longer for them to get better.?? Some infections, like the common cold, are generally not serious. However, a weak immune system puts a person at risk for developing complications from an infection or contracting an infection that is harder to treat.??   The relationship between immune function and depression is still being researched. Some studies have hypothesized that chronic stress may cause an inflammatory response that can change how mood-regulating chemicals in the brain work.  ?? Sleep Problems When doctors and mental health professionals are considering a diagnosis of depression, sleep disorders are among the “core” symptoms they look for.   People who are depressed often have trouble sleeping. Problems may range from struggling to fall or stay asleep, being unable to get restful sleep, or sleeping too much. The relationship between depression and sleep goes both ways, as having trouble sleeping for any reason (such as a medical condition like sleep apnea) increases a person’s risk for depression.??   Some research has suggested that disturbances in circadian rhythm (which can interrupt sleep) may contribute to depression. Understanding and even learning how to alter the sleep-wake cycle is one avenue researchers are exploring as they search for new ways to treat depression.??   Coping With Poor Sleep and Depression Fatigue People who are depressed often feel that no matter how much they sleep, they never feel rested. They may have a hard time getting out of bed in the morning or struggle to perform activities of daily living, such as bathing or doing household chores.   Although having low energy can certainly be related to poor sleep, research has indicated that the relationship between depression and fatigue is more complex.??   Fatigue is not only one of the most common physical effects of depression but tends to be one of the more challenging to treat. One study from 2010 found that even after starting an antidepressant, fatigue persisted in around 80% of people with major depression.?? Depression and fatigue may become part of a cycle where ongoing low energy and decreased motivation worsen depression.?? Therefore, adequately addressing fatigue is a crucial part of creating an effective treatment plan for someone diagnosed with depression.   Psychomotor Symptoms The term “psychomotor” refers to symptoms that make a person feel as though they are thinking and/or moving at a different pace than usual.??   For example, some people with depression perceive their thoughts as sluggish and feel like their movements seem heavy. Others experience symptoms at the opposite end of the spectrum. They may say that they “can’t sit still,” or feel fidgety, restless, and agitated. Mentally, they may experience anxious or even intrusive thoughts.?? To some extent, psychomotor symptoms become more common as someone gets older. However, while depression in the elderly is also common, it is not a normal part of aging.?? For this reason, doctors and mental health professionals need to also consider the possibility that psychomotor changes may be a sign of depression rather than just a part of aging. How Aging Affects Your Health High Blood Pressure People who are depressed may be under stress often or for a long period of time. While it’s not the only cause, chronic stress has been known to contribute to high blood pressure (hypertension).?? Chronic stress, in particular, has been linked to elevated blood pressure. In turn, hypertension increase a person’s risk of cardiovascular disease, which includes heart attacks and strokes.?? Based on the growing body of evidence supporting this relationship, many researchers consider depression a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.??   Appetite and Weight Changes Depression in and of itself can make someone feel like eating more or less than they typically do. People who are depressed may report they have lost weight without trying or have gained weight without being sure of the reason why.   One factor that may contribute to weight gain is “emotional eating” which refers to a person using food to self-medicate feelings of depression.?? These behaviors can lead to weight gain over time. If someone is overweight or obese, changes in self-image, associated health problems, and weight stigma can also contribute to (or worsen) depression.??   The relationship between weight and depression may depend on more than how much someone weighs or their body mass index (BMI).   For example, a 2019 study proposed a specific link between higher amounts of body fat mass and depression (as the researchers did not find a link between depression and non-fat body mass).?? How to Stop Stress Eating Depression can also cause someone to lose weight.?? Loss of appetite, low energy and motivation that makes preparing meals difficult, bowel symptoms, and other factors may cause weight loss in someone who is depressed.   People who have eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, often also have depression or another mental illness.?? Weight loss in eating disorders can be extreme and may cause a host of physical symptoms.?? Several studies have suggested that malnutrition from inadequate food intake may worsen depression, though additional research is needed to support the theory.?? People who do not get enough eat for other reasons, such as those living in poverty, patients with cancer,?? and the elderly, are also at risk for depression related to malnutrition.?? Changes in appetite and accompanying weight loss or gain can also be a side effect of antidepressant medications.   Medication Side Effects Both prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medications can come with side effects. While they are usually mild and get better as the body adjusts to the drug, others may be severe and persistent.??   Medications used to treat depression may have side effects, many of which are physical. A few examples of common side effects of antidepressants include:?? FatigueNauseaInsomniaDizzinessDry mouthBlurred visionDifficulty focusing or concentratingAppetite changes, weight gain/lossSexual dysfunction (trouble maintaining an erection, pain with intercourse, inability to orgasm) If medication side effects are too difficult to cope with, a person is less likely to continue taking it. For someone who takes medication to manage depression, side effects from antidepressants can be a barrier to treatment. The mental and emotional side effects of antidepressants can be serious and may indicate a medication is not the right treatment for you. If you experience worsening feelings of anxiety and depression and/or thoughts of suicide after starting an antidepressant, seek immediate medical care. Negative Effects of Antidepressants Coping When you go to your doctor with a physical complaint, they may not initially ask you about emotional symptoms. However, they won’t be able to accurately diagnose depression without it. Before you can begin to deal with the physical effects of depression, you need an accurate diagnosis. If you have depression symptoms such as persistent sadness, and low mood or loss of interest in doing things that you used to enjoy, make sure you mention these feelings to your doctor.??   Your doctor also needs this information to help them decide on the most effective way to treat depression, so it’s important you let them know about the emotional, mental, and physical symptoms you are having.   The Best Online Help Resources for Depression

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Reality Of Television Entertainment - 1572 Words

Reality T.V. is defined as a genre of television entertainment that portrays real-life situations that serves to entertain rather than inform. One of the first reality T.V. shows to air was the Dutch, series Nummer 28, in which 7 students were put together in one house and their everyday interactions between each other were documented. A few years later, shows such as Survivor and Big Brother swept the nation and the radical new idea of Reality T.V. became the next big thing. During its infancy, Reality T.V. served only 2 purposes; to entertain and make money. As the years went by and popularity for the genre grew, television stations saw the opportunity to make an exponentially larger amount of money. In order to do this, they had to†¦show more content†¦Despite all of the publicity that the controversy sparked, the viewership didn’t reach their expectations. However, at the end of the first episode they showed a preview of the next upcoming episode in which one memb er of the cast was punched in the face while drinking at one of the bar’s. This caused even more controversy, which in turn, increased the viewership of the next episode by almost 50%. This comes to show that people become exponentially more engaged in a show when there is more fighting and just drama in general. This then poses the question of whether or not we as a society actually approve of this behavior and maybe even consider it an everyday reality. America’s Next Top Model (ANTM) also falls under the category of extremely controversial shows that yet still seem to be equally as popular. The show follows the same general format of the hit series American Idol and Americas got talent. Many women who seek to become models compete on this show in order to claim the title of â€Å"Americas Next Top Model† and jumpstart their careers in the modeling industry. The contestants live together under the same roof similar to shows like Jersey Shore and The Real World. The house has almost no doors so that cameras can capture almost every moment of the lives of the contestants. Each episode, the contestants would go through a photo shoot, and some sort of challenge. At the end of the week the models would beShow MoreRelatedThe Reality Of Reality Television927 Words   |  4 PagesBehind the Reality of Reality TV There are many different opinions when the subject of reality television is discussed. Although reality television shows are thought to be negative they really are just mindless entertainment. Many can argue that these shows are misleading and disturbing. On the other side of this, people merely use these shows for entertainment and allow people to forget about stress in their lives. The cause of these different opinions is a result of different age, gender, religionRead MoreThe Cultural Phenomenon Of Reality Television1741 Words   |  7 PagesThe cultural phenomenon ‘Reality Television (TV)’ has become an increasingly popular genre of television since its paroxysm onto the airwaves in 1945. The term ‘Reality Television’ can be defined as the genre of entertainment that documents the lives of ‘ordinary’ individuals through the exhibition of allegedly unscripted real-life scenarios, despite inquisitive inquiries disclosing Reality TV to entail facets of script. The primary objective of Reality TV is purely to entertain the audience. ThisRead MoreThe Reality Of Reality Television1511 Words   |  7 PagesReality TV is defined as television programs in which real people are continuously filmed, designed to be entertaining rather than informative.(Dictionary) As we all know, in today s world we are presented with numerous Reality TV Show such as Keeping up With the Kardashians, Basket wives and The Real Housewives of Miami. These shows give a false message to their viewers of what is reality and what is purely entertainment. Many reality programs create an artificial environment for the show thatRead MoreThe Concept of Mimesis in Platos Allegory of the Cave1160 Words   |  5 Pagesrepresentation of reality. The concept of mimesis extends to art, media, and other texts. Mimesis also creates a sense of false reality, as often the art appears and is can be taken as real as the real world. In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, the concept of mimesis is explained and through analysis of the novel and several other pieces of work can the implications and effects of mimesis be grasped. In The Allegory of the Cave, Plato’s concept that art is a representation of reality can be seen. EvenRead MoreEssay about Media: Making Society Go Downward1172 Words   |  5 PagesIt seems as if it doesn’t take much to amuse us now days. It is apparent that entertainment, specifically television, has changed drastically. All three of the articles discussed the change of television through the years. They all had interesting views and debated well. The article that I chose to discuss is â€Å"Reality television: Oxymoron† by George F. Will. â€Å"America is becoming increasingly desensitized. Entertainment seeking a mass audience is ratcheting up the violence, sexuality, and degradationRead MoreThe Entertainment Industry Essay1623 Words   |  7 Pagesin this case the puppeteers are the entertainment industry. Our choices of entertainment determine who we are to an extent. It is more of how we act on the influences we see in entertainment. We all love juicy drama and scandals because it adds suspense in our lives. We like seeing who wore it best when you open up a magazine just because it gives us something to do on our spare time. What makes us mold our behavior and thinking when it comes to entertainment is how you stay true to yourself andRead MoreThe Medias Dumber Democracy Essay1557 Words   |  7 PagesFor the average American there is no escape from mass media. It can be found within our news papers, movies, television and internet, which account for most of our news and entertainment source. In Michael Parentis book, Make Believe Media, the Politics of Entertainment, Parenti attests that this mass media clouds our societys perception of reality by propagating prefabricated images that create and validate a superficial ideological world. Unfortunately, people are denied the opportunity toRead MoreThe Reality Television Is Good For Us?970 Words   |  4 Pagesincrease, more televisions are being produced over time, which mea ns networks and media producers are more active in finding ways to captivate the attention of their viewers such as the production of reality TV. With the existence of reality TV, people continue to question and discuss how influential and real actually it is. In James Poniewozik’s article â€Å"Why Reality TV Is Good for Us?†, he demonstrates how reality TV has evolved to become one of the most popular genres on television today, while inRead MoreThe Negative Effects Of Reality Television1462 Words   |  6 PagesReality television shows are meant to portray the essence of reality. These shows are created to show the audiences about all the different life situations that they can relate to with their own lives. Thus, reality should be the main component of these shows, however, that is not always the case. Reality shows are staged productions that are affecting society in many ways. The primary component that distinguishes reality-based programs from similar forms o f entertainment including traditionalRead MoreEssay on Reality Television Shows1317 Words   |  6 Pagespeople in the entertainment industry and more recently related to those figures, involved in Reality TV. There is no exact definition of Reality Television and people also have different opinions of what it is. But it tends be a combination of genres such as: documentary, drama and many other genre’s depending on the type show. It can also be described as ‘ a hybrid of non-fiction and entertainment elements’. Charlie Parsons, creator of the television show, Survivor defines reality TV as ‘Shows

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Gel Electrophoresis Free Essays

Laura Gallagher Partner: Rob Einersen Biology Period D Mr. Alvarez 15 February 2013 Gel Electrophoresis Introduction: Agarose Gel Electrophoresis is a process in which the process of determining whether a strand of DNA is either positively or negatively charged. The container in which the gel is stored has a negative and positive side; whichever side the DNA molecules go to means the DNA is charged the opposite way. We will write a custom essay sample on Gel Electrophoresis or any similar topic only for you Order Now (Ware, Lunte, Gardiner)For example if a DNA molecule goes to the negative side that means that the DNA is positively charged and vice versa. The agarose gel is composed of a fine powder substance, water and a buffer solution. The solution must be boiled to its boiling point then you have to pour the solution into a casting mold there also needs to be a comb that leaves six holds in the mold. It must be left in the casting mold for about a half an hour for the gel to solidify. Electrophoresis has a few different uses such as establishing the size of a strand or molecule of DNA or RNA. (Bowen) It can also be used to find out family members or criminals or tests of that manner. This is all possible because of the DNA’s charge and the charge of the molds. Although if a DNA molecule is too big it is not going to be able travel fast through the so it is better for the experiment if the DNA molecules are small. To get the DNA small restriction enzymes are used. (Roberts) Restriction enzymes cut specific DNA molecules in half which helps with the travel through the gel. Before the electrophoresis machine was developed people used to use gravity to separate DNADNA molecules are going to be negative and smaller molecules are going to move farther than the larger molecules. The purpose of this lab is to learn how to create an agarose gel and properly load a well in an agarose gel. The purpose is also to learning how to use electrophoresis equipment and how to analyze the results of DNA electrophoresis. Methods and Materials: Start off, by gathering all of the necessary materials for the beginning which is 1. 2 mL of gel buffer in one graduated cylinder, in a separate graduated cylinder58. 8 mL of water and 0. 48 g of agarose powder. Next take an Erlenmeyer flask and mix all three of the substances, place the flask on a hot plate and keep swooshing the mixture in the flask. Repeat that step until the liquid in the hot plate becomes clear, make sure that the solution does not boil. Let the solution sit until it is lukewarm. Now, the molding tray should be prepared by taping off the sides with painters tape so no liquid can escape. Place the comb in the designated slot in the molding tray and pour the agarose solution into the mold tray. Now, take a graduated cylinder and pour in 8 mL of the buffer solution and 400 mL of water, then, pour it into the gel box. After the gel solidifies, with extreme caution, remove the painters tape and comb. Next, take the mold tray and place it on the table; now, take six disposable pipettes and the colored dye from you teacher and fill each pipette with a different color. After each pipette has a different color, empty the pipette not too far in or too close to the surface of each well. Next, place the mold tray in the gel box, close the lid, and plug it in for about a half an hour. After the half an hour is up, take a couple pictures of the mold tray and the results that you saw. Results: Figure 1 Figure 2 As you see in figure 1, the dye pigments have been placed in each well and it is not perfect some of the dye have gotten out and leaked out on the top of the gel. That is okay though because the experiment was still a success because the dye pigments did move with the DNA molecules as you can see in figure 2. The dye pigments in all of the wells except for the well at the very top, all moved towards the positive side of the tray. The well at the very top contained positively charged DNA so that DNA started to move towards the negative side of the tray. Discussion: For the most part, my hypothesis was correct, I was correct about the smaller particles moving further than the larger particles. I was correct and incorrect when I said that The DNA molecules are going to be negative. I as correct because five out of six were negative, although there was one that was positive so it did not go in the same direction as the other five. DNA’s direction is only influenced by one factor, which is whether the DNA is negatively or positively charged. This directly affects why the DNA moved the positive pole because DNA is negative so due to attractio n it goes to the positive side of the pole. When a molecule is moving its rate of length and speed correlates with its size, if a molecule of DNA is large, it is going to be harder for it to move so it would be much easier for a small molecule of DNA to move across the gel. You can the molecules of DNA moving because they are dyed with the dye pigments. Electrophoresis causes the smaller DNA molecules to move further because it is easier for the positive charge to pull smaller pieces of DNA. Though, for this to happen, the power has to be turned on. Once the power is turned on it also turns on each end’s charge on each side of the tray so the DNA is attracted to that side of the tray. Most of the DNA the molecules carried a negative charge. A negative charge is carried because those molecules went towards the positive pole. Although those few molecules carried a positive charge so they went to the negative pole. The banding patterns in the gel are determined by the size of the DNA molecule. It can be interpreted as some of the DNA molecules weren’t broken down as small as others. Scientists use the number of nucleotides in one sample and it is compared to another blood sample. All of the similarities and differences add up. Also the sequences of the bases in a chain of DNA. In many murder investigations, DNA is used to find the culprit. Such as the case of James Anagnos, James was beaten and stabbed to death in 1977 in his bar. NBC) James was holding a strand of hair that belonged to his murderer. Three decades later they compared the DNA is the strand of hair to a man named Frank Wright, it was a match. It didn’t serve any justice though, because Wright died in 2002. This is similar to the case of Priscilla Ann Blevins. Priscilla’s remains were found off an interstate and they were stored in a facility and kept under the name â€Å"Jane Doe†. (Lohr) Blevins’ genetic information was entered into a computer and it matched up with â€Å"Jane Doe† and was later confirmed with dental records. DNA helped to resolve this 37 year old cold case just like it did for the 1993 murder of Alie Berrelez. Alie was a five year old girl who was sitting in her apartment complex eating pizza when she was kidnapped. (Curry) Alie’s remains were found four days later stashed next to a creek. Nick Stofer was the main suspect but they couldn’t arrest him because they didn’t have enough evidence against him. When this crime happened there was no such thing as DNA testing so there was no way they could prove it was him. In 2011, they compared DNA from Alie’s under to Nick Stofer and it was a match. Again Stofer died before he could stand trial, he died in 2001. Bibliography B. R. Ware,  Susan Lunte,  Kathleen Gardiner, 2012, â€Å"Electrophoresis,† in AccessScience,  ©McGraw-Hill Education, Retrieved from http://www. accessscience. com/content. aspx? searchStr=Electrophoresisid=226400 Bowen R. , 2000, â€Å"Agarose Gel Electrophoresis of DNA†, in Colostate, Retrieved from http://arbl. cvmbs. colostate. edu/hbooks/genetics/biotech/gels/agardna. html Richard Roberts, 2012, â€Å"Restriction enzyme,† in AccessScience,  ©McGraw-Hill Education, Retrieved from http://www. accessscience. com/content. aspx? earchStr=restriction+enzymesid=584150 2010, â€Å"Three Decade Old Murder Mystery Solved Using DNA† , in NBC California, retrieved from http://www. nbclosangeles. com/news/local/Three-Decade-Old-Murder-Mystery-Solved-Using-DNA-101944298. html Lohr D. , â€Å"After 37 Years, Priscilla Ann Blevins’ Disappearance Solved Using DNA†, Huff ington Post, Retrieved from http://www. huffingtonpost. com/2012/11/01/priscilla-ann-blevins_n_2059155. htmlCurry C. , 2011, â€Å"Cold Case of Murdered 5-Year-Old Alie Berrelez Solved†, ABC News, retrieved from http://abcnews. go. com/US/cold-case-year-murdered-1993-solved-dna/story? id=14510785 How to cite Gel Electrophoresis, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Food Culture Lebanese Food Falafel

Question: Discuss about theFood Culturefor Lebanese Food Falafel. Answer: Introduction In this assignment the information about the Lebanese food Falafel in local Almond Bar Darlinghurst Sydney has been delivered by the researcher. The word cuisine has been derived from the Latin word coquere which means to cook. The style of cooking is can be characterized in various manner and techniques. The dishes that are prepared by using the ingredients and techniques refer cooking. It is normally related to a particular region or culture. In this assignment it has been discussed about a particular dish of Lebanese that is falafel and showing the emergence as a Middle East food in local Almond Bar Darlinghurst in Sydney (Diner, 2013). Here Lebanese food falafel has been chosen by the researcher to discuss its historical as well as the importance and popularity of it among the local and the foreigners (Abdullah, 2015). The researcher also delivered the information about the production rate and the consumption rate relating to the historical age. The gastronomy importance of the f ood that has been selected by the researcher in this context has been also discussed. And the most importantly the demand and the supply of the falafel dish and its popularity in the local and over the world has been also discussed in this report. Describe the Chosen Food in its Local Context Falafel is the name of a dish that is popular in the Middle East part of Egypt. Falafel is one of the Lebanese delicious dishes among various famous dishes that are made from the Fava bean and chickpeas or by both. It is the deep fried ball or patty that is considered as snacks. The falafel ball are used are mainly traditional dish of the Middle Eastern part and generally served pita. It is also used as staffing ingredients in between flatbread known as taboon. The falafel ball is served in local restaurant and bar in the Sydney as snack item. The falafel dish is famous dish of Lebanese though it is originated in the Egypt (Waines, 2016). In the local region and part of Sydney this dish very famous. The dish falafel ball or patty is prepared from the paste of chickpeas and fava bean which is mixed with onions and different type of herbs, spices and then it is deep fried. It is served with different sauce and salad and it is considered and popular among the people as a delicious tasty food. It is crispy and juicy as it is deep fried. It is as local street food and in local bar in Almond Bar Darlinghurst in Sydney. Therefore, as it is popular Lebanese dish the demand of the food in the bar and restaurant is high for it taste. History of the Food in Context to the Major Periods of Change or Globalization process According to various researches report the information that is provided by the researcher that still now there is controversy with the origin of Falafel. The dish falafel is eaten by an ethno-religious group in Egypt and is considered as Muslim. During the lent period this group of people intake this food instead meat. Therefore, it is considered as vegetarian dish. In the Middle East part the dish falafel is considered as a street food or fast food (Popkin, 2006). The researcher also intended to deliver information that falafel has been considered as popular dish for which the Mc Donalds has taken initiative for servings their menu as Mc falafel in several part of countries. In this modern period age the dish falafel is considered as Lebanese famous dish. Falafel has played an iconic role in the region of Israeli cooking and is represented as the national dish of the county. As falafel is completely vegetable based food its consider under the law and acts of Jewish dietary. During the age of 1970 the Lebanese dish falafel was only considered and found in the Middle-east and Jewish restaurant and bar. But now a day, the falafel dish has been popular delicious dish in the North America, Australia and various other countries in this world (Waines, 2016). As it is discussed above that falafel the Lebanese dish is completely prepared by the vegetables therefore it very popular and famous delicious among the Vegan or the people those are vegetarian. It is accepted as alternative dish by the vegetarian instead of meat or non vegetable food. It is also now in recent time sold in the market and health food stores. The falafel dish has been accepted as nutritious and protein food by the peoples and cooked in different variety. The falafel balls or patty are used in the in different types of recipe as an ingredients such as while making dish with spaghetti the falafel ball rue mixed with it for enhancing the quality and taste of the dish instead of meat balls. There are three major periods of change in the context of regional cuisine. These three changes occurred due to the affect of globalization processes (Cavalcanti, 2015). During the period 1400s to late 1800s the European mercantilism started, it was the first phase; the second phase was the migration during the period of 17th century followed to 20th century when peoples from different region of the world were migrating and settling in a different part which influenced and created a fusion of taste and foods (Hall and R., 2016). And the third phase was thee contemporary globalization which has increased the communication among the several part of the region in world. The transportation gap decreased in order to spread the knowledge of the food all over the world. Therefore, the dynamic change in the globalization has influenced the food habits of the many region people. Provide Rich Description to Reflect the Production and Consumption According to the above discussion the falafel dish is Lebanese dish which is made from the chickpeas and fava bean. According to various research studies the rate of production percentage of grown chickpeas is almost 80% globally. There are two types of chickpeas that are grown are desi and kabuli. In Australia 70 to 80% is the production of desi chick peas. In the north east part of Australia typical desi chickpeas are grown while kabuli chickpeas are grown in the part of south east part. In Australia the crop is grown in the winter season nab harvested in the month of October and January. In the year 1980 the first commercial chickpeas have been grown in Australia. In between the year 1990-91 and 2012-13 the production rate is 192000-817000 tonnes. The production rate has increased rapidly near about 40000tonnes according to the year 2005-06, the record delivers information the production rate high time was 2012-13 and the production was 377000tones (Pugliese et al. 2013). According to the production rate of chick peas in Australian market the researcher served information about the consumption. The Australian chick peas are exported to different region of the world such India, Bangladesh, south assai, etc. In the year 2011-2012 the production of chickpeas was 673400 tonnes and the exported rate was 581000 tonnes. The Australia has been considered as the world largest exporter of chickpeas in the global trade market (Jabeen and Katsioloudes, 2013). In average the exported chickpeas of Australia are 36% in an annual accounting rate. In the year 2012 the production rate of Australian chickpeas decline to 11.3 tonnes which 11.6 tonnes during the year 2011. The production and consumption of chickpeas in world trade market is increasing its volume rapidly. Therefore, it is relevant that the production rate of the chickpeas in Australia is experiencing a rapid growth which is enhancing the economic and financial aspect of the globe trade market (Waines, 2016 ). There are many foreign countries that are collaborating with the Australian exporter for the exporting the chickpeas and also to increase the financial position of the particular region. Gastronomic Research The falafel ball or patty is usually found as the nation food and famous delicious food of the Middle East part of the world. But in the near future it spread all over the world (Articles, 2016). The Australia is getting benefited by the production of the chick peas which is the main ingredients of the falafel dish ( 2016).The dish falafel is accepted by the local people in Australian and the Almond Bar in Sydney is getting benefited by the serving the dish to the customers. The dish is very delicious and tasty for which the demand for the food in this restaurant is very high. The cooking style of the dish is as old as the ancient time so the taste and the flavour is maintained as authentically (Jabeen and Katsioloudes, 2013). In the Sydney and other part of Australian the licensee dish is also considered as the delicious street food. Conclusion Keeping in mind the various points that has been discussed above in this assessment, we can conclude that there are different cuisines of several regions and they are accepted as a part of nationality of their region. The Lebanese cuisine of falafel is the one of the oldest and is very popular dish in the various part of the world. It has also been accepted as protein and nutritious dietary food by the peoples. Therefore the falafel dish is increasing the financial status of the local Almond Bar Darlinghurst in Sydney as the demand from the customer is high. References Abdullah, T. (2015). Reduction of Oil Uptake in Deep Fat Fried Falafel.JNHFE, 2(4). Articles, M. (2016).Most Downloaded International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science Articles - Elsevier. [online] Available at: [Accessed 13 Oct. 2016]. Cavalcanti, J. (2015). Globalization of Food and Labor: Challenges for Sociology.Sociologies in Dialogue, 1(1). Diner, H. (2013). Beyond hummus and falafel: social and political aspects of Palestinian food in Israel.Ethnic and Racial Studies, 37(5), pp.882-884. Hall, M. and R., M. (2016).We are what we eat: food, tourism and globalization, [online] 2. Available at: https://file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/1017728_1976598932_Reading2HallMitchellFoodGlobal-2.pdf [Accessed 13 Oct. 2016]. (2016).Department of Industry, Innovation and Science. [online] Available at: [Accessed 14 Oct. 2016]. Jabeen, F. and Katsioloudes, M. (2013). Just Falafel: a success story of an international expansion.Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies, 3(2), pp.1-12. Popkin, B. (2006). Technology, transport, globalization and the nutrition transition food policy.Food Policy, 31(6), pp.554-569. Pugliese, P., Zanasi, C., Atallah, O. and Cosimo, R. (2013). Investigating the interaction between organic and local foods in the Mediterranean: The Lebanese organic consumers perspective.Food Policy, 39, pp.1-12. Waines, D. (2016). Falafel Nation: Cuisine and the Making of National Identity in Israel.Global Food History, 2(2), pp.214-216. Zelenskaya, E. (2015). Gastronomic Component in Tourism industry.Vestnik of Northern (Arctic) Federal University. Series "Humanitarian and Social Sciences", (3),